Art & Culture, Books & Authors, Inscriptions & Edicts

1. Who established Mahabalipuram?
(A) Pallava
(B) Pandya
(C) Chola
(D) Chalukya

2. Gandhara school of art came into existence in-
(A) Hinayana sect
(B) Mahayana sect
(C) Vaishnava sect
(D) Shaiva sect

3. Which rulers built the Ellora temples?
(A) Chalukya
(B) Sunga
(C) Rashtrakuta
(D) Pallava
Ans. (C)

4. The subject matter of Ajanta Paintings pertains to-
(A) Jainism
(B) Buddhism
(C) Vaishnavism
(D) Shaivism
Ans. (B)

5. The famous rock-cut temple of Kailash is at-
(A) Ajanta
(B) Badami
(C) Mahabalipuram
(D) Ellora

6. Most of the Chola temples were dedicated to-
(A) Ganesh
(B) Shiva
(C) Durga
(D) Vishnu
Ans. (B)

7. The caves and rock-cut temples at Ellora are-
(A) Hindu and Buddhist
(B) Buddhist and Jain
(C) Hindu and Jain
(D) Hindu, Buddhist and Jain
Ans. (D)

8. The seven Pagodas of Mahabalipuram are a witness to the art patronised by the-
(A) Pallavas
(B) Pandyas
(C) Cholas
(D) Cheras
Ans. (A)

9. The paintings of Ajanta depict the stories of-
(A) Ramayana
(B) Mahabharat
(C) Jataka
(D) Panchatantra
Ans. (C)

10. The famous Kailashnath Temple at Kanchi was built by-
(A) Mahendravarman I
(B) Narasimhavarman II
(C) Nandivarman II
(D) Dantivarman
Ans. (B)

11. Mahabalipuram is an important city that reveals the interest of arts of-
(A) Pallavas
(B) Cholas
(C) Pandyas
(D) Chalukyas
Ans. (A)

12. Where is the Lingaraja Temple located?
(A) Madurai
(B) Tiruchendur
(C) Bhubaneswar
(D) Ujjain
Ans. (C)

13. Which Rashtrakuta ruler built the famous Kailash temple of Siva at Ellora?
(A) Dantidurga
(B) Amoghvarsha-I
(C) Krishan-I
(D) Vatsraja
Ans. (C)

14. Which museum houses the largest collection Kushan sculptures?
(A) Mathura Museum
(B) Bombay Museum
(C) Madras Museum
(D) Delhi Museum
Ans. (A)

15. The Virupaksha Temple was built by the-
(A) Chalukyas
(B) Pallavas
(C) Kakatiyas
(D) Satavahans
Ans. (A)

16. Taxila was a famous site of-
(A) Early Vedic art
(B) Mauryan art
(C) Gandhara art
(D) Gupta art

17. The art style which combines Indian and Greek features is called-
(A) Sikhara
(B) Verna
(C) Nagara
(D) Gandhara
Ans. (D)

18. Greek-Roman Art has found a place in-
(A) Ellora
(B) Gandhara
(C) Kalinga
(D) Bhuddhist Art.
Ans. (B)

19. The Ajanta Paintings belong to the-
(A) Harappan period
(B) Mauryan period
(C) Buddhist period
(D) Gupta period
Ans. (D)

20. The paintings in the Ajanta and Ellora caves are indicative of development of art under the-
(A) Rashtrakutas
(B) Pallavas
(C) Pandyas
(D) Challukyas

21. Who built Brihadeshwara Temple at Tanjore?
(A) Aditya Chola
(B) Raja Raj Chola
(C) Rajendra Chola
(D) Karikala Chola
Ans. (B)

22. Most of the Chola temples were dedicated to-
(A) Vishnu
(B) Shiva
(C) Brahma
(D) Durga
Ans. (B)

23. Which inscription mentions about the village administration under the Cholas?
(A) Junagarh
(B) Uttaramerur
(C) Aihole
(D) Nasik

24. How many spokes are there in the Dharma Chakra of the National flag?
(A) 22
(B) 18
(C) 24
(D) 14
Ans. (C)

25. Which one of the following inscriptions related to the Chalukya king, Pulakesin II?
(A) Maski
(B) Hathigumpha
(C) Aihole
(D) Nasik
Ans. (C)

26. Which of the following does not have a Stupa?
(A) Ranchi
(B) Sanchi
(C) Barhut
(D) Dhamek
Ans. (A)

27. Which one of the following was the book written by Amoghvarsha the Rashtrakuta King?
(A) Adipurana
(B) Ganitasara Samgraha
(C) Saktayana
(D) Kavirajamarg

28. The land measures of the Second Pandyan Empire was mentioned in-
(A) Thalavaipuram Copper Plates
(B) Uttirameru Inscription
(C) Kudumiyammalai Inscription
(D) Kasadudi Copper Plates
Ans. (A)

29. Who built the famous Vaikunta Perumal temple at Kanchipuram?
(A) Narasiman Verman II
(B) Parmeshvara Verman II
(C) Nandi Verman II
(D) Aparajita Verman

30. Who was the author of Te lugu Work Amuktamalyada?
(A) Harihara
(B) Devaraya
(C) Krishnadevaraya
(D) Bukka

31. Who composed the Allahabad Pillar inscription?
(A) Harisena
(B) Mahasena
(C) Veerasena
(D) Vishnusena

32. What was Hampi known for?
(A) It was the capital of Golconda
(B) It had the largest stable in medieval India
(C) It had the translation of the Indian epics to Persian
(D) It was the capital of Vijayanagar
Ans. (D)

33. The famous Jain centre in South India is situated at——
(A) Rameshvaram
(B) Kanchi
(C) Madurai
(D) Shravanbelgola
Ans. (D)

34. In India, Ancient Iron Age is attached with-
(A) Gray pottery
(B) Black and Red Pottery
(C) Ocher Coloured Pottery
(D) Northern Black Polish Pottery
Ans. (A)

35. The Religious lessons of ‘Jews’ are called-
(A) Gnome Collection (Sukti Sangraha)
(B) Musa Sanhita (Torah)
(C) Tripitaka
(D) Tend Alesta
Ans. (B)

36. Mahabhasya was written by –
(A) Gargi
(B) Manu
(C) Bana
(D) Patanjali
Ans. (D)

37. What was the suitable language for source material in Ancient Times?
(A) Sanskrit
(B) Pali
(C) Brahmi
(D) Kharoshthi

38. Which one of the following famous ruler is called as ‘Father of Inscriptions’?
(A) Samudra Gupta
(B) Chandragupta Maurya
(C) Ashoka
(D) Kanishka
Ans. (A)

40. Where is the longest corridor of the temple?
(A) Shreerangam
(B) Madurai
(C) Tiruchendur
(D) Rameshwaram

41. Who constructed the Khajuraho temples?
(A) Halkar
(B) Sindhiya
(C) Bundela Rajput
(D) Chandel Rajput

42. Who established the four monasteries Sringeri, Badrinath, Dwarka & Puri?
(A) Ramanuj
(B) Ashoka
(C) Shankaracharya
(D) Madhav Vidhyaranya

43. Name the Muslim Invader who destroyed Nalanda University?
(A) Allaudin Khilji
(B) Muhammad Bin Tuglaq
(C) Muhammad Bin Bakhtiyar
(D) Muhammad Bin Qasim

44. Ramcharitmanas is an epic poem written in which language ?
(B) Munda
(C) Awadhi
(D) Sanskrit

45. Oil paint was first used for Buddhist paintings by Indian and Chinese painters in western _____ sometime between the fifth and tenth centuries
(A) Iraq
(B) Afghanistan
(C) Pakistan
(D) India

46. Who was the first Indian astronomer to calculate the time taken by earth to orbit the sun?
(A) Aryabhatta
(B) Ved Bhatnagara
(C) Bhaskaracharya
(D) Bishu devtamapi

47. ________ comprises the archaeological remains of a monastic and scholastic institution.
(A) Nalanda
(B) Rani ki vav
(C) Hill Forts of Rajasthan
(D)Fatehpur Sikri
Ans. (A)

48. Odisha’s World famous Konark Sun Temple was buit by-
(A) Krishnadev Rai
(B) Ashoka
(C) Chandragupta
(D) Narasimhadeva

49. Which is representative of Dravida style of temple architecture ?
(A) Viman
(B) Shikhara
(C) Mandapa
(D) Gopuram

50. What is the popular name of Monolithic rock shrines at Mahabalipuram?
(A) Rathas
(B) Prasadas
(C) Mathika
(D) Gandhakuti

51. Chalukya temples (Jain temples) at Dilwara are situated in
(A) Madhya Pradesh
(B) Uttar Pradesh
(C) Rajasthan
(D) Haryana

52. Vikram Shila University was founded by
(A) Chandra Gupta Maurya
(B) Kanishka
(C) Dharampala
(D) Pulakesin II

53. Who is the author of Meghdoot?
(A) Shundraka
(B) Vishakhadatta
(C) Kalidasa
(D) Chanakya

54. Gandhara Art is the combination of
(A) Indo Roman
(B) Indo Greek
(C) Indo Islamic
(D) Indo China

55. What is the Mehrauli Pillar in the complex of Qutub Minar primarily famous for?
(A) Proverbial height
(B) Skilful stone cutting
(C) Excellent quality steel
(D) Statue of Buddha on top
Ans. (C)

56. Which script was used in Ashoka’s inscriptions?
(A) Brahmi
(B) Devanagiri
(C) Gurmukhi
(D) Sanskrit

57. During the reign of which dynasty was the Great Wall of China constructed?
(A) Sung
(B) Tang
(C) Han
(D) China
Ans. (D)

58. Where is the Brihadeshwar temple built during the Chola period located?
(A) Mysore
(B) Mahabalipuram
(C) Tanjavur
(D) Kanyakumari

59. Who among the following was the first grammarian of the Sanskrit language?
(A) Kalhana
(B) Maitreyi
(C) Kalidasa
(D) Panini
Ans. (D)

60. What is ‘Patriarchic Society’?
(A) System that values women more than men
(B) System that values men more than women
(C) System that values both men and women equally
(C) System that values elders

61. Which of the following civilization is famous for its city/town planning?
(A) Indus Valley Civilization
(B) Mesopotamian Civilization
(C) Persian Civilization
(D) Egyptian Civilization

62. In Indus Valley Civilization, Kalibangan is famous for which of the following?
(A) Rock-cut architecture
(B) Seaport
(C) Cotton cultivation
(D) Pottery
Ans. (D)

63. All souls day is a _____ festival.
(A) Buddhism
(B) Jainism
(C) Christian
(D) Muslim

64. Which of the following Vedas is not a part of Vedatrayi?
(A) Rig Veda
(B) Yajur Veda
(C) Sama Veda
(D) Atharva Veda

65. Magical charms and spells are given in which of the following Vedas?
(A) Rig Veda
(B) Sama Veda
(C) Yajurveda Veda
(D) Atharva Veda
Ans : (D)

66. In Indus Valley Civilization, Dholavira is famous for which of the following?
(A) Rock-cut architecture
(B) Seaport
(C) Water Conservation
(D) Pottery

67. The Vijaynagar ruler Krishna Dev Raya’s work ‘Amuktamalayada’ was written in which language?
(A) Tamil
(B) Malayalam
(C) Kanada
(D) Telugu

68. Idol of dancing girl (Bronze) is found in which of the following civilization?
(A) Mesopotamian Civilization
(B) Indus Valley Civilization
(C) Persian Civilization
(D) Egyptian Civilization
Ans. (B)

69. Shatughai (Indus Valley Civilization site) is in which country?
(A) India
(B) Pakistan
(C) Afghanistan
(D) Tibet
Ans. (C)

70. Which of the following metal was not found in the Harappan civilization?
(A) Gold
(B) Copper
(C) Silver
(D) Iron

71. According to the categories of land mentioned in the Chola inscriptions ___________ was known as the land donated to Jain institutions?
(A) Vellanvagai
(B) Brahmadeya
(C) Shalabhoga
(D) Pallichchhandam
Ans. (D)

72. According to the categories of land mentioned in the Chola inscriptions ___________ was known as the land of non-Brahmana peasant proprietors?
(A) Vellanvagai (B) Brahmadeya
(C) Shalabhoga (D) Devadana

73. According to the categories of land mentioned in the Chola inscriptions ___________ was known as the land gifted to Brahmanas?
(A) Vellanvagai
(B) Brahmadeya
(C) Shalabhoga
(D) Devadana

74. According to the categories of land mentioned in the Chola inscriptions ___________ was known as the land gifted to temples?
(A) Vellanvagai
(B) Brahmadeya
(C) Shalabhoga
(D) Devadana

75. In which city of India is Dhamek Stupa located?
(A) Pune
(B) Delhi
(C) Varanasi
(D) Hyderabad

76. Who wrote ‘Nyaya Sutra’?
(A) Vyasa
(B) Gautam
(C) Kapila
(D) Charaka
Ans. (B)

77. Which queen of the Kakatiya dynasty ruled over Warangal, part of modern Andhra Pradesh?
(A) Rudramadevi
(B) Ahilyadevi
(C) Bhagwati
(D) Bhanumati
Ans. (A)

78. Match the following.
Column- I Column- II
1. Brihadeswara a. Odisha Temple
2. Dilwara Temple b. Tamil Nadu
3. Lingraja Temple c. Karnataka
4. Hampi Group d. Rajasthan
(A) 1 – c, 2 – d, 3 – a, 4 – b
(B) 1 – a, 2 – c, 3 – d, 4 – b
(C) 1 – b, 2 – d, 3 – a, 4 – c
(D) 1 – b, 2 – a, 3 – d, 4 – c

79. Which emperor wrote the play ‘Nagananda’ in the Sanskrit language?
(A) Prabhakara vardhana
(B) Harshavardhana
(C) Chandragupta II
(D) Bindusara

80. Taxila University was located between which two rivers?
(A) Indus and Jhelum
(B) Jhelum and Ravi
(C) Beas and Indus
(D) Satluj and Indus

81. Who is the most prominent god of ‘Rig Veda’?
(A) Indra
(B) Agni
(C) Pashupati
(D) Vishnu

82. The queen with the title Didda ruled over which part of India between 980 – 1003?
(A) Avadh
(B) Kashmir
(C) Sindh
(D) Bengal

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